Purple Dollarbirds Eurystomus azureus in dead tree overviewing a hazy Halmahera valley.

 

This report is published on a non-profit basis, purely for the benefit of ornithology. No part of this publication may be reproduced by any means without written permission of the author.

 

Advised reference:

Luijendijk, TJC 1997. 'Bird observations in Sulawesi & Halmahera in July/August 1997.' Published privately.

 

INTRODUCTION

In July/August 1997, we undertook a birding trip to the Indonesian islands of Sulawesi and Halmahera. Our main goal was to see as many different bird species as possible (especially the endemics) and to enjoy the nature in general.

By studying previous birding trip reports we had developed a preliminary travel scheme, which turned out to be very satisfactory. We especially avoided to be travelling too much. In this way, we allowed ourselves as much time as possible for actual birding, instead of having to spend lots of time on transport from one place to another. We therefore did not visit the southern part of Sulawesi, nor did we do any further exploration of Halmahera apart from some half day trips from Kali Batu Putih. Only afterwards we realised that we could have done for instance Lore Lindu and Kali Batu Putih a bit quicker. But who cares? At least we cleaned up pretty well the way we did it.

In this report I present the data that could be useful for future visitors. Apart from a bird list, I have tried to recollect and put to paper as much information as possible on sites, accommodation, trails, etc.

We found the birding on Sulawesi generally rather slow, with particularly few small passerines present. If you're used to dazzling flocks of songbirds of the type occurring in Thailand or South-America, this might be a bit disappointing. The high number of endemics makes up a lot, though.

 

December 1997

Chris Quispel
Rob Bouwman
Teus Luijendijk

correspondence :
Teus Luijendijk
Potgieterlaan 8 H
2321 XW Leiden
The Netherlands
teus.www@tiscali.nl

CONTENTS

 

ITINERARY

16th July Singapore Air flight, straight from Amsterdam to Singapore.

17th July Silk Air flight to Manado. After arrival and changing money in Manado (airport banks were closed), we took a taxi to bring us to Tangkoko, of course for a too high price (100 000 rp). In Batu Putih (Tangkoko), we checked in in Mama Roos' Homestay (25 000 rp per person per day, including 3 OK meals). Little birding in the afternoon. Arranged for a guide (Freddy) for the next day.

18th - 20th July Birding at Tangkoko NP.

21st July In the morning, birding at Tangkoko NP. In the afternoon, we took a car down to Girian (30 000 Rp), from where we took a bus to Manado. We stayed at Hotel Minahassa. Hot food from one of the small restaurants down the street.

22nd July From terminal Malalayang, we took a bus straight to Doloduo (via Kotamobagu). From there by bemo to Toraut, where we took a hut at the HQ complex (15 000 Rp p.p. per night, 3 meals 18 500 Rp p.p). Rest of the afternoon birding just across the river.

23rd July In the morning we arranged for one of the park ranger's cars to drive to Tambun (the Maleo nesting site, 40 000 Rp). After return in Toraut, birding across the river in the park.

24th July Birding in Dumoga-Bone NP.

25th July After a morning's birding, we took a jeep back to Doloduo (15 000 Rp). Then a bus to Kotamobagu and a "Paris" bus to Manado. Stayed at Minahassa Hotel.

26th July Bouraq flight to Ternate at 14:25 h. After arrival and check-in in Ternate City Hotel (clean, large, 25 000 Rp p.p.), did a little sea-watching. Arranged for a car for the next morning.

27th July By car to Tolire Besar (the crater lake on the northern side of the island). Birding until approx. 11:00 h. At 13:00 h, we took the ferry to Sidangoli (Halmahera). In Sidangoli, met Anu's brother's wife, who told us that all accommodation at Kali Batu Putih was full (Kingbird Tours). Arranged for a taxi to bring us up the next morning, but cancelled that after meeting with Mr. Gultom. He showed us his homestay, and we immediately decided that that really was the place to stay. Altogether, this cost 1 100 000 Rp for the whole stay, including food and beers.

28th July Birding at Kali Batu Putih.

29th July Birding at Kali Batu Putih and in Lami Valley.

30th July Birding at Kali Batu Putih and in Moltai (or something like that), the valley for Purple Roller. After that, birding in the Sidangoli mangroves. In the afternoon, birding at a supposed stake-out for Great Cuckoo-dove.

31st July - 2nd AugBirding at Kali Batu Putih.

3rd Aug After a morning's birding at Kali Batu Putih, we took the 15:00 h ferry back to Ternate. Stayed the night in Ternate City Hotel.

4th Aug Early morning Bouraq flight to Manado. Stayed the rest of the day and the night at the Barracuda Diving Center (U$ 15 p.p.).

5th Aug Early morning flight to Palu. Arranged for permits for Lore Lindu NP and tried to contact Rolex (phone 29744 in Palu) for arranging the jeep. The latter took some time, but we finally managed (600 000 Rp for 4 full days). Stayed the night in a mosquito-infested Hotel Wisata. Very good noodles at Windy's.

6th Aug Chartered bus from Masumba bus station to Kamarora (we paid 40 000 Rp). Walk to HQ (if necessary, ask people around to carry your gear!).

7th 10th Aug Birding along Anaso road and in the Danau Tambing area.

11th - 12th Aug Birding in the Kamarora area (waterfall trail and along the road).

13th Aug Birding along the waterfall trail. At 12:30 h, we took a bus back to Palu, via a secondary road (advise from Rolex for Pale-headed Munia). Stayed in the Palu Golden Hotel.

14th Aug Bouraq flight to Manado. Direct taxi to Tangkoko NP. Some birding there.

15th Aug Climbed the mountain with Freddy (70 000 Rp), but failed to see Scaly-breasted KF, most likely due to the force 9 winds.

16th Aug After some birding in Tangkoko NP, by bus to Girian. Taxi to Molas. Stayed at the Nusantara Diving Centre. Cheap stay, expensive snorkling, extremely good food. All-in (incl. snorkling tour) U$ 190.

17th Aug Snorkling and some birding around Bunaken Island.

18th Aug Taxi to Manado airport. Flight to Singapore and back home to Amsterdam.

 

LOCALITIES

 

Tangkoko

A windy place. A small national park with very dry and open type type of forest. A good place to start, but you still have to be lucky with the wind. Low bird densities, but still quite a number of good species can be seen here. Try to plan a day without wind for climbing the mountain. There are only a few good trails so you are likely to make (too much) noise while moving through the forest.

Three homestays offer accommodation.

 

Dumoga-Bone, Toraut

Very different compared to Tangkoko: although equally low altitude forest, it is dense and humid. Larger numbers of birds, but more difficult to find them. Good but few trails. To get into the forest (near HQ), a river has to be crossed (by wading). Might be unpassable in very rainy weather!

Good accommodation at B.P. Wallacea Toraut.

 

Ternate

An island formed by a big volcano, last active in 1980. It is probably the best way to reach Halmahera by first flying to Ternate and then cross the strait by boat. Ternate itself has not so much to offer, except for Tolire Besar, a crater lake on the northern side of the island, and a lagoon on the southwestern side, which (I think) is good for Spotted Whistling-duck. The former at least is very much worth a birder's visit.

Several hotels in town. Consult your travel guide and pick one.

 

Kali Batu Putih, Halmahera

In fact not more than the forested area a road winds through. However, several small logging trails give access to the forest and there is still a lot of bird life to be seen here. See the map for details.

Forget staying at Anu's place. After arrival with the ferry walk (or take a taxi) to the bus station (<500 m) and convince a bemo driver to bring you to Mr. Gultom's place. Shouldn't cost much. If you're lucky, you'll meet him in person and get a free ride.

 

Lore lindu NP

A large national park in Northern Central Sulawesi.

Arrange for permits as directed in "Birding Indonesia". The office is very close to the airport, so if you have a taxi, let him wait for you to get things done.

The accommodation at Kamarora consists of 3-4 bungalows which can house up to 6 persons each. The family that lives there cooks good food for you on request (and for a low price). Arrange for the time you would like to have it (breakfast 4:00 a.m., no problem!).

For visits to Anaso you really need a four-wheel-drive vehicle. You might be able to get a lift to the junction, but that will already be far too late in the day to allow you the best birding along the trail up. Besides, the trail may be not so steep, but it's definitely a long walk all the way up! We arranged the 4WD through Rolex, and were not disappointed (apart from the astronomical fuel consumption).

 

WEATHER

The weather we experienced was generally sunny, dry and fairly mild (not too hot). Tangkoko, however, was unpleasantly hot, humid and windy and the Anaso road was quite cold early a.m., but apart from that the weather was fairly constant. We had some rain at Dumoga-Bone (only one big shower). Perhaps the dry climate conditions had been caused by the "Super Niño" this year, that would be causing such heavy forest fires in the region later in the year.

Anyway, regarding rain, you can better always be prepared for the worst (see "GEAR").

 

CURRENCY

Indonesia Rupiah (Rp): 1 U$ = 2464 Rp (27th July 1997, continuing inflation since).

If you're travelling from Holland or Britain, do not bother to bring US Dollars, since banks offer good rates for your currency (esp. dutch guilders). We got a good rate at an official money changer in Manado, at Jalan Korengkeng.

If you're travelling by public transport a lot, you'll soon find out that it's essential to have lots of the small bank notes. To change often seems to be very difficult for Indonesians.

 

TRAVEL

We had made all flight reservations (including the internal Bouraq flights) before our departure from Holland. We managed to do so by flying Singapore Air. This is of course expensive, but in this way the connecting flight to Manado was much cheaper and the Bouraq reservations were confirmed. We altered one of these reservations fairly easily, by the way. Bouraq is an OK airline, but they only use one aircraft on the line Ternate - Manado - Gorontalo - Palu - Balikpapan - Ujung Pandang, and vice versa. If something is wrong with the plane, or the pilot gets ill, the whole scheme of reservations collapses. So be prepared for surprises!

Buses run between all cities and villages, the question is only "how long will it take?" Take an average speed of approx. 35 km/h and you'll have the answer. However, buses are generally cheap (although they always seem to cost a little more for tourists than for the natives), so if you have the time they're quite an experience.

Alternatively, you can always hire a car with a driver (they always refer to this as "charter"). Especially if you are with a group, this is a good option. However, do not be surprised if they let some other people hop on and off here and there during the drive. A big advantage is of course that you can tell the driver to stop if you spot something along the road. Sometimes this will really need a strong and persuasive STOP! to be shouted, but at least you then get to see that special bird or whatever you saw. In some cases, drivers even know some more special sites for birding, like river crossings, patches of Munia-friendly farmland, etc., etc. Charters generally cost between 40 000 and 75 000 Rp for a 60 km stretch, or 100 000 Rp plus the gas if you charter for the whole day.

 

GUIDES

The locals say you have to hire a guide in Tangkoko NP and in Dumoga-Bone NP, but you could do without. Some guides in Tangkoko NP (like Freddy) have an excellent knowledge regarding bird calls and sites. However, they are usually very expensive, so a birder visiting the park will use their help for perhaps one or two days, and then soon head out for himself. There is, on the other hand, one destination where you really do need a guide: to climb the mountain. Of course, you may be able to find your way up, but there is no real trail in the middle part. You are therefore likely to just lose a lot of precious time.

In Dumoga-Bone NP, we used the services of a guy called Tarzo, and although he wasn't as good as Freddy, he managed to pick out some goodies for us. Absolutely amazing how he picked out a Maroon-chinned Fruit-dove out of the canopy above us. And moreover, he really knew the trails (something we were warned for in bird reports).

On Halmahera, I cannot really recommend any guide. Anu knows quite a lot, but could be a real guide if he wasn't that lazy. He is not at all interested in finding birds for you. Instead, he offers to drive you to some other site, where "it's good birding". It often isn't quite that bad, but he usually sits down somewhere in the shadow and lets you do the work. Apparently he hasn't been doing any reasonable effort either in finding a good site for Drummer Rail Habroptila wallacii, so unless you are prepared to go wading through endless Sago swamps for days, with the risk of only ticking malaria mozzies, you can forget that.

We considered ourselves being fooled by him now and then, and were actually better off while birding for ourselves. So we did just that during the last few days of our stay. Otherwise we would probably not have seen species like Great Cuckoo-dove, Moluccan King Parrot and Nicobar Pigeon.

 

GEAR

For bins I can recommend any close-focusing, preferably waterproof type. I used a Leica 8 x 32 BA, which unfortunately got steamed up on one side after arrival in Palu. So much for the guaranteed Leica water- and air-proofness! (on the other hand, after returning it in Holland to the shop where I had bought it, Leica did send me a new pair of bins).

I also used a Bushnell 22 x 60 spacemaster telescope on a Slik SL-67 tripod, and this proved to be highly valuable on several occasions. The diffulty lay most in determining when and when not to bring it when going out for birding. Of course, it is hardly useful in dense rain forest (as e.g. in Dumoga-Bone). On the other hand, along a main road or when studying soaring raptors, it is almost essential.

I used a small Sony Professional WM-3 tape recorder with a separate speaker set. The recorder is a very sturdy and weather-proof one (and you'll want that), unlike the minidisc players available nowadays, which look more like cheap children's toys. The speakers I didn't really need very often to lure birds out into the open, since most calls could easily be imitated by accurate whistling. However, you do need it for species like Common Paradise Kingfisher, Blue-breasted Pitta and (probably) Great Shortwing.

To keep mozzies from transferring nasty things like malaria or dengue fever, we always used mosquito nets during the nights, and repellent when we were out birding. The latter is also useful (especially if you have a spray can) to avoid the grass ticks (or "chiggers"), which are very common in Tangkoko NP, from producing their characteristic long-term itching bites.

Only a single tick was encountered, but this was almost the size of a thumb-nail, so you can imagine Chris's gladness of discovering the creature before it had been able to sting him!

Further things to consider bringing along are a good rain cape or an umbrella (although we hardly had any rain). I myself prefer the former since it keeps you're hands free, e.g. for using your bins.

 

BOOKS

The book covering the whole area of Wallacea (Coates, Bishop & Gardner 1997) had not yet been published when we took off. However, we met some birders who had been able to purchase it before leaving from home. We considered ourselves lucky to be able to consult their copies every now and then, since this is the essential field guide to bring along when visiting Sulawesi and Halmahera. Apart from some drawbacks (for instance in lay-out), this will allow you to identify probably all the birds you encounter. It will save you the trouble of messing with copies from all kinds of other guides and handbooks, like we still had to do. It may be useful, however, to bring along one or two books from the Helm and Pica ID series (or photocopies to save in weight). Especially 'Kingfishers, Bee-eaters and Rollers' (Fry, Fry & Harris 1992) may be worth carrying along. You probably won't be needing any other bird ID books.

For the species list, I used the names from Coates, Bishop & Gardner. Alternative names are given between brackets. Species are numbered in the same order, except for the introduced ones, which are marked with "()".

For some more general travel and tourist info, we used 'The Indonesia handbook', by Eliot et al. (1994).

BEER

Bintang is the brand and the labels on the 0.75 l bottles look exactly like Heineken labels, only the green is replaced by red. It is generally more easily available than for instance on Java, since there is a larger percentage of Christian people on Sulawesi and Halmahera. Costs about 7000 Rp per bottle.

Even Guiness is available in some places. Smaller bottles, same price.

 

THANKS TO

David Gibbs, for an excellent trip report and useful bird recordings.

 

Steve Smith, for useful bird recordings.

 

Henk Hendriks, for an excellent trip report.

 

Bouraq Air, for keeping to their schedules.

All the guides and the friendly people at Mama Roos' Homestay, at B.P. Wallacea Toraut, at Kamarora HQ (Lore Lindu) and Mr. Gultom and his family.

The British birders at Mr. Gultom's place, not in the least for sharing their copies of the new field guide with us.

 

Dr. Ben King, for fruitful bird identification discussions.

 

 

SPECIES LIST

 

Red-throated Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
25 at Tolire Besar (Ternate).

Great Frigatebird Fregata minor
1 female Ternate.
1 male from the ferry between Ternate and Halmahera.
1 male at Bunaken Island.

Lesser Frigatebird Fregata ariel
25 at Tangkoko beach.
commonly seen from the ferry between Ternate and Halmahera.

Little Pied Cormorant Phalacrocorax melanoleucos
1 seen from the Barracuda Diving Resort (Molas, near Manado).

Darter Anhinga melanogaster
2 at Danau Tambing, Lore Lindu NP.

Brown Booby Sula leucogaster
10 seen from the ferry between Ternate and Halmahera.

Great-billed Heron Ardea sumatrana
1 imm in the Sidangoli mangroves (Halmahera).

Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
a few near HQ Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
1 seen from the Barracuda Diving Resort (Molas, near Manado).
1 in a paddyfield along the road between Kamarora and Palu.
1 at Manado Airport.

Little Egret Egretta garzetta
a few near HQ Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.

Pacific Reef Egret (Eastern Reef Heron) Egretta sacra
2 at Tangkoko beach (dark phase birds).
2-3 seen from the Barracuda Diving Resort (Molas, near Manado) (one light phase).
1 seen from the Nusantara Diving Centre (Molas, near Manado).

Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
common near HQ Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
common around Palu.

Javan Pond Heron Ardeola speciosa
a few near HQ Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
more between Toraut and Manado.
2 seen from the Barracuda Diving Resort (Molas, near Manado).
common in paddyfields along the road between Kamarora and Palu.

Little Heron (Striated Heron) Butorides striatus
1 in the Sidangoli mangroves (Halmahera).
10 seen from the Barracuda Diving Resort (Molas, near Manado).
2-4 at Bunaken Island.
2 seen from the Nusantara Diving Centre (Molas, near Manado).

Night Heron spec. Nycticorax nycticorax/caledonicus
1 near HQ Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut (heard only).
1 seen from the Barracuda Diving Resort (Molas, near Manado).
(due to poor light conditions this bird could not specifically be identified).

Osprey Pandion haliaetus
1 at Tangkoko (heard only, identified as such by Freddy).

Pacific Baza (Crested Baza) Aviceda subcristata
2 along the forest trail, Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Barred Honey-buzzard Pernis celebensis
1 near HQ Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
almost daily observed at Lore Lindu NP.

Black Kite Milvus migrans
1 at Palu Airport.

Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus
regularly observed at all sites visited.

White-bellied Sea-eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster
2 at Tangkoko.
1-2 in the Sidangoli mangroves (Halmahera).
2 Ternate.

Spot-tailed Goshawk Accipiter trinotatus
1 at Tangkoko.
1 Anaso Road, Lore Lindu NP.
(the latter bird was not seen well enough to note the tail spots, but was identified on the grounds of size (not as small as a Dwarf Sparrowhawk Accipiter nanus supposedly would be) and the red eye).

Variable Goshawk (Grey Goshawk) Accipiter novaehollandiae
1 at Tolire Besar (Ternate).
regularly observed at Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Vinous-breasted Sparrowhawk Accipiter rhodogaster
1 at Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.

Grey-faced Buzzard Butastur indicus
1 at HQ, Kamarora, Lore Lindu NP.

Black Eagle Ictinaetus malayensis
1 regularly seen near HQ Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
1 near HQ, Kamarora, Lore Lindu NP.
1 Anaso road, Lore Lindu NP.
1 near park entrance, Lore Lindu NP.

Gurney's Eagle Aquila gurneyi
1 at Tolire Besar (Ternate).
2 at Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Little Eagle Hieraaetus morphnoides Twice a bird showing characters of this species was observed at Halmahera: one at a bridge approx. 40 km from Kali Batu Putih (a site where Anu took us to get a chance of observing Great Cuckoo-dove) and one over the ridge above Mr. Gultom's Homestay.
Both times it obviously was an eagle, already from a distance separable from Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus by the long and strikingly parallel-edged wings, thus in contrast to the bi-convex wing shape of Brahminy Kite. The colouration, however, was very much as that of a juvenile Brahminy: underwing generally brownish (but slightly banded), with obvious pale primary-base patches, contrasting with the very dark tips to the largest primaries. Fairly pale head and throat, gradually becoming darker on the breast, thus forming a dark breast band. This was sharply demarcated from the much lighter coloured belly. Tail rather short (not as long as wings were broad) and pale, probably slightly banded (this could not be confirmed with 100% certainty).
Both birds were seen circling slowly but deliberately (in large circles, much wider than Brahminy's usual circling) at an altitude slightly over canopy level, with every now and then a slow wingbeat.

Rufous-bellied Eagle Hieraaetus kienerii
1-2 near HQ Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
2-3 near the park entrance, Lore Lindu NP.
1 at Dongi-dongi, Lore Lindu NP.
> 2 near HQ, Kamarora, Lore Lindu NP.

Sulawesi Hawk-eagle Spizaetus lanceolatus
3 near HQ Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
1 near HQ Kamarora, Lore Lindu NP.
1-2 near the park entrance, Lore Lindu NP.
1 perching in a tree close-by, Tangkoko NP.

Spotted Kestrel Falco moluccensis
2-4 at Tolire Besar (Ternate).
regularly observed at Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).
1-2 near HQ Kamarora, Lore Lindu NP.

Oriental Hobby Falco severus
1 observed twice at Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).
1 near the park entrance, Lore Lindu NP.

Wandering Whistling-duck Dendrocygna arcuata
> 10 near HQ Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.

Sunda Teal (Grey Teal) Anas gibberifrons
10 near Tambun (the Maleo site), Dumoga-Bone NP.
6 Kosingolan (reservoir near Doloduo), Dumoga-Bone NP.

Philippine Scrubfowl Megapodius cumingii
regularly observed (in pairs) at Tangkoko NP.

Dusky Scrubfowl Megapodius freycinet
1 at Tolire Besar (Ternate).
regularly heard and several seen at Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Moluccan Scrubfowl Eulipoa wallacei
1 at the pass above Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Maleo Macrocephalon maleo
> 6 at the breeding site Tambun, Dumoga-Bone NP.

Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus
3 at Tangkoko NP.

Buttonquail spec. Turnix maculosa/suscitator
3 at Tangkoko NP.

Buff-banded Rail Gallirallus philippensis
1 near HQ Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
2 at Kosingolan, Dumoga-Bone NP.
2-3 at the Barracuda Diving Resort (Molas, near Manado).
1 at the Nusantara Diving Centre (Molas, near Manado).

Barred Rail Gallirallus torquatus
1 at Tangkoko NP.
1 near HQ Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
4-6 at the Barracuda Diving Resort (Molas, near Manado).

Bare-eyed Rail Gymnocrex plumbeiventris (Eulabeornis p.)
1 at dusk at the forest edge on the other side of the pass above Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Common Bush-hen Amaurornis olivaceus
2 heard at the burned clearing, Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).
2 heard at Mr. Gultom's, Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Isabelline Bush-hen Amaurornis isabellinus
2 at Kosingolan, Dumoga-Bone NP.
1 near the park entrance, Lore Lindu NP.
1 along the coast trail, Tangkoko NP.

Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
> 3 at Kosingolan, Dumoga-Bone NP.

Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio
1 at Kosingolan, Dumoga-Bone NP.

Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
2 on a river bank in Palu.

Whimbrel Numenius phaeopussspec. variegatus

2 at the Barracuda Diving Resort (Molas, near Manado).
1 at Bunaken Island.
1 at the Nusantara Diving Centre (Molas, near Manado).

Redshank Tringa totanus
1 in the Sidangoli mangroves (Halmahera).

Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
2 at the Barracuda Diving Resort (Molas, near Manado).
6 on a river bank in Palu.
4 at the Nusantara Diving Centre (Molas, near Manado).

Grey-tailed Tattler Heteroscelus brevipes
2 in the Sidangoli mangroves (Halmahera).
2 at the Nusantara Diving Centre (Molas, near Manado).

Black-naped Tern Sterna sumatrana
10 at Tangkoko NP.

Bridled Tern Sterna anaethetus
10-20 in the strait between Ternate and Sidangoli (Halmahera).

Greater Crested Tern Sterna bergii
2 along the beach, Ternate.
3 Sidangoli (Halmahera).
1 during the crossing Sidangoli - Ternate.
20 in Palu.
8 during the crossing Bunaken - Molas.

Red Collared Dove Streptopelia tranquebarica
6 in Palu.

Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis
1 at Tangkoko NP.
> 6 between Tambun and Toraut (Dumoga-Bone NP).
several seen in agricultural areas on Halmahera.

Brown Cuckoo-dove (Slender-billed Cuckoo-dove) Macropygia amboinensis
3 at Tangkoko NP.
regularly observed at Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).
common at lower altitudes at Lore Lindu NP.

Great Cuckoo-dove Reinwardtoena reinwardtii
1 (and 1 more heard) near the pass, Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Sulawesi Black Pigeon Turacoena manadensis
2-4 at Tangkoko NP.

2 at Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.

Emerald Dove (Emerald Pigeon) Chalcophaps indica
a few at Tangkoko NP.
a few at Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Stephan's Dove Chalcophaps stephani
1 along the coast trail at Tangkoko NP.

Nicobar Pigeon Caloenas nicobarica
1 along trail A (see map), Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Sulawesi Ground-dove Gallicolumba tristigmata
1 at Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
1 along waterfall trail, Lore Lindu NP.

Pink-necked Green Pigeon Treron vernans
5 at the Barracuda Diving Resort (Molas, near Manado). > 5 at the Nusantara Diving Centre (Molas, near Manado).

Grey-cheeked Green Pigeon Treron griseicauda
commonly observed at Tangkoko NP.
> 3 Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
2 near HQ, Kamarora, Lore Lindu NP.

Red-eared Fruit-dove Ptilinopus fischeri
1 at the very beginning of Anaso road, Lore Lindu NP.
1 halfway Anaso road, Lore Lindu NP.

Maroon-chinned Fruit-dove Ptilinopus subgularis
2-4 at Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
A shy and tough species to spot; usually hides high up in the canopy.

Scarlet-breasted Fruit-dove Ptilinopus bernsteinii
1 gave lousy views along the forest trail, Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).
another (probably) was heard there.

Superb Fruit-dove Ptilinopus superbus
4-6 at Tangkoko NP, usually a little bit up the mountain slope.
2-4 along the small logging trails above Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).
observed daily in small numbers, Lore Lindu NP (esp. Danau Tambing area).

Blue-capped Fruit-dove Ptilinopus monacha
1 male and 1 more heard at Tolire Besar (Ternate).
several observed at Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Grey-headed Fruit-dove Ptilinopus hyogaster (P. hyogastra)
commonly observed at Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Black-naped Fruit-dove Ptilinopus melanospila
> 10 at Tangkoko NP.
4 at Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
6 along the waterfall trail, Lore Lindu NP.

White-bellied Imperial Pigeon Ducula forsteni
commonly observed at Lore Lindu NP (esp. lower and middle elevations).

Grey-headed Imperial Pigeon Ducula radiata
1 along the coast trail, at Tangkoko NP.
4-6 at Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
regularly observed Lore Lindu NP (esp. at higher elevations, sometimes in large numbers).

Green Imperial Pigeon Ducula aenea
common at Tangkoko NP, Dumoga-Bone NP and around Kamarora, Lore Lindu NP.

Spectacled Imperial Pigeon (White-eyed Imperial Pigeon) Ducula perspicillata
2 at Tolire Besar (Ternate).
10 at Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).
This species is usually seen in pairs.

Cinnamon-bellied Imperial Pigeon Ducula basilica
commonly observed at Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera), esp. near the pass.

Pied Imperial Pigeon Ducula bicolor
20 at the Sidangoli mangroves, Halmahera.

Silver-tipped Imperial Pigeon (White Imperial Pigeon) Ducula luctuosa
> 25 mainly along the coast trail, Tangkoko NP.

Violet-necked Lory Eos squamata
regularly observed at Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Ornate Lorikeet Trichoglossus ornatus
common at Tangkoko NP.
a few at Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
common near Kamarora, Lore Lindu NP.

Yellow & Green Lorikeet Trichoglossus flavoviridis
observed in good numbers at higher elevations, Lore Lindu NP.

Chattering Lory Lorius garrulus
4 in a valley on Halmahera some 30-40 km away from KBP, (an apparently good site for Great Cuckoo-dove) where Anu took us to.
2 heard along the forest trail, Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Red-flanked Lorikeet Charmosyna placentis
observed in good numbers at Kali Batu Putih and in the "Azure Roller Valley" (Halmahera).

White Cockatoo Cacatua alba
> 4 at Tolire Besar (Ternate).
observed in good numbers at Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Eclectus Parrot Eclectus roratus
commonly observed at Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Red-cheeked Parrot Geoffroyus geoffroyi
common at Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Yellow-breasted Racquettail (Red-spotted Racquettail) Prioniturus flavicans
1 female at Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
3 (2 males) at Tangkoko NP.

Golden-mantled Racquettail Prioniturus platurus
several heard flying over at Tangkoko NP.
common in large numbers along Anaso road, Lore Lindu NP.

Blue-backed Parrot (Azure-rumped Parrot) Tanygnathus sumatranus
2 heard at Tangkoko NP.
regularly observed Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
commonly observed at Lore Lindu NP.

Great-billed Parrot Tanygnathus megalorhynchos
6-8 at Tolire Besar (Ternate).
5 at different locations around Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Moluccan King Parrot Alisterus amboinensis
3 at the pass above Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Large Sulawesi Hanging-parrot Loriculus stigmatus
regularly observed at Tangkoko NP.
5 along the waterfall trail, Kamarora, Lore Lindu NP.
1 at the Nusantara Diving Centre (Molas, near Manado).

Moluccan Hanging-parrot Loriculus amabilis
5-7 at Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Small Sulawesi Hanging-parrot (Red-billed Hanging-parrot) Loriculus exilis
2 along the waterfall trail, Kamarora, Lore Lindu NP.
4 near the park entrance, Lore Lindu NP.

Sulawesi Hawk-cuckoo Cuculus crassirostris
3 (heard only), around HQ, Kamarora, Lore Lindu NP.
This species is active at night; the bird closest to HQ usually started calling between 18:30 and 22:00 h, continuing for the rest of the night. Despite an early morning attempt, we never got any views of this bird.

Plaintive Cuckoo Cacomantis merulinus
> 2 around HQ, Kamarora, Lore Lindu NP.

Rusty-breasted Cuckoo Cacomantis sepulcralis
2 seen and regularly heard at Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
regularly observed at Lore Lindu NP.

Gould's Bronze Cuckoo Chrysococcyx russatus
2 along the road near Danau Tambing, Lore Lindu NP.

Drongo Cuckoo Surniculus lugubris
1 at Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut (+ some more heard only).
1 heard at Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).
1 along the waterfall trail, Lore Lindu NP.

Black-billed Koel Eudynamys melanorhyncha
1 at Tangkoko NP.
a few observed at Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.

regularly observed at Lore Lindu NP (though mostly just heard).
 

Yellow-billed Malkoha Rhamphococcyx calyorhynchus (Phaenicophaeus c.)
common at Tangkoko NP.
seen daily at Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
seen daily around Kamarora, Lore Lindu NP.

Goliath Coucal Centropus goliath
1 at the burned clearing above Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).
1 along the main road, Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Lesser Coucal Centropus bengalensis
fairly common in secondary scrub, e.g., in agricultural areas. Observed at all sites visited.

Bay Coucal Centropus celebensis
common at Tangkoko NP.
common at Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
4 in the Kamarora area, Lore Lindu NP.

Sulawesi Masked Owl Tyto rosenbergii
1 seen at Tangkoko NP on 2 separate occasions.
3 at a nest opposite HQ Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
1-2 heard at HQ, Kamarora, Lore Lindu NP.

Sulawesi Scops-owl Otus manadensis
10 near HQ, Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
> 4 near HQ, Kamarora, Lore Lindu NP.

Moluccan Scops-owl Otus magicus
several heard at Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera), one seen.

Boobook spec. Ninox ochracea/punctulata
1 at dusk near Danau Tambing, Lore Lindu NP.
2 heard along the waterfall trail, Lore Lindu NP.

Moluccan Owlet-nightjar Aegotheles crinifrons
regularly heard around Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera), but we never managed to get good views.

Heinrich's Nightjar (Satanic Nightjar) Eurostopodus diabolicus
1 at dusk at Tangkoko NP, close to the Tarsier tree.
(this bird was identified by our guide, Freddy Pangedja, by its call: an up- and downwards sort of laughing chatter).
(At Lore Lindu NP, just before daybreak along the upper part of Anaso road, we regularly flushed nightjars that might have been this species; however, details could not be obtained and no calls were heard).

Great Eared Nightjar Eurostopodus macrotis
2-3 at Tangkoko NP.
a few heard near HQ, Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
commonly heard near HQ, Kamarora, Lore Lindu NP.

Large-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus macrurus
regularly heard and a few seen near Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Uniform Swiftlet Aerodramus vanikorensis (Collocalia v.)
common at Tangkoko NP, Dumoga-Bone NP, at Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera) and at Lore Lindu NP.

Moluccan Swiftlet Aerodramus infuscatus (Collocalia i.)
1 at Tolire Besar (Ternate).
common at Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).
common at Lore Lindu NP (esp. at lower elevations).
1 at the Nusantara Diving Centre (Molas, near Manado).
Note that this species may be a lot more common than suggested here, due to the difficulties in separating it from the previous species; only the certain observations are mentioned here.

Glossy Swiftlet Collocalia esculenta
common at all sites visited except for Dumoga-Bone NP (though we may have just missed them there). At Lore Lindu NP, only observed at higher elevations.

Purple Needletail Hirundapus celebensis
> 50 at Lore Lindu NP. Several groups were observed, usually consisting of 10-25 birds, at lower elevations (but always from inside the park area). Once a large group of 50 birds was seen.

Fork-tailed Swift (Pacific Swift) Apus pacificus
4-6 at Tangkoko NP.

Little Swift (House Swift) Apus affinis (A. nipalensis)
1 at the Nusantara Diving Centre (Molas, near Manado).

Asian Palm-swift Cypsiurus balasiensis
2-4 at Palu.

Grey-rumped Tree-swift Hemiprocne longipennis
common at Tangkoko NP, Dumoga-Bone NP and at Lore Lindu NP. Once a group of 80 birds was seen near the Lore Lindu park entrance at dusk.

Moustached Tree-swift Hemiprocne mystacea
observed daily at or near Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).
Groups of max. 8 birds together were seen, mainly at dusk, when they fly out low over the treetops.

Green-backed Kingfisher (Celebes Green Kingfisher) Actenoides monachus
2 at Tangkoko NP.
1-2 near HQ, Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
Listen early a.m. for the characteristic call.

Common Paradise-kingfisher Tanysiptera galatea
10 along the little trail approx. 2 km down from Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera). Being here very early a.m. (06:00 h at the latest) is essential for obtaining good views of this elusive but very vocal species.

Lilac-cheeked Kingfisher (Lilac Kingfisher) Cittura cyanotis
3-5 at Tangkoko NP.
1 at Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.

Great-billed Kingfisher (Celeb. Stork-billed Kingfisher) Halcyon melanorhyncha (Pelargopsis m.)
1-2 at the river crossing near HQ, Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.

Ruddy Kingfisher Halcyon coromanda
1 from the small bridge opposite the Rangers' Homestay at Tangkoko NP.

Blue-and-white Kingfisher (Moluccan Kingfisher) Halcyon diops
commonly observed at Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Sombre Kingfisher Halcyon funebris
1 male along the main road up from Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Collared Kingfisher (Mangrove Kingfisher) Halcyon chloris
observed daily at Tangkoko NP, Dumoga-Bone NP, in the Sidangoli mangroves (Halmahera), at Kamarora (Lore Lindu NP) and at the diving centres in Molas (Manado).

Beach Kingfisher Halcyon saurophaga
1 gave very brief views in the Sidangoli mangroves (Halmahera).

Sacred Kingfisher Halcyon sancta
regularly observed at Tangkoko NP, the Barracuda diving centre (Molas, Manado) and at Bunaken Island.

Sulawesi Dwarf Kingfisher Ceyx fallax
2 at Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.

Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthissspec. hispioides
observed daily at the river crossing near HQ, Dumoga-Bone NP, and at the diving centres in Molas (Manado).
Note that this subspecies resembles Blue-eared Kingfisher A. meninting very much, the status of the latter on Sulawesi is unclear.

Blue-tailed Bee-eater Merops superciliosus (M. philippinus)
common in Palu.
common at lower elevations in Lore Lindu NP, e.g., in Kamarora.

Rainbow Bee-eater Merops ornatus
common at Tangkoko NP.
common at Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).
10 near Tolire Besar (Ternate).
20 over the Barracuda diving centre (Molas, Manado).

Purple-bearded Bee-eater (Celebes Bee-eater) Meropogon forsteni
seen daily along the Anaso road, Lore Lindu NP. Probably more than 6 different birds were involved.

Purple-winged Roller Coracias temminckii
> 5 along the coast trail at Tangkoko NP.
4 at Dongi-Dongi, Lore Lindu NP.

Common Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis
2 at Tolire Besar (Ternate).
1 passed Barracuda diving centre (Molas, Manado).

Purple Dollarbird (Azure Roller) Eurystomus azureus
2 gave very distant views in the "Azure Roller Valley" (Halmahera).

Sulawesi Dwarf Hornbill (Sulawesi Hornbill) Penelopides exarhatus
2 at Tangkoko NP.
observed daily in Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut (up to 6 birds).
5 along the waterfall trail, Kamarora, Lore Lindu NP.

Knobbed Hornbill Rhyticeros cassidix
common in Tangkoko NP, Dumoga-Bone NP and in Lore Lindu NP (lower and middle elevations).

Blyth's Hornbill Rhyticeros plicatus
common at Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera). Up to 20 birds were seen daily.

Sulawesi Pygmy Woodpecker (Sulawesi Woodpecker) Dendrocopos temminckii
1 at Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
regularly observed at Lore Lindu NP at all elevations.

Ashy Woodpecker Mulleripicus fulvussspec. fulvus
observed in low numbers at Tangkoko NP and at Dumoga-Bone NP.

sspec. wallacei
2-3 at low to middle elevations in Lore Lindu NP.

Blue-breasted Pitta (Red-bellied Pitta) Pitta erythrogaster
1 was tape-lured near the waterfall trail at Lore Lindu NP.

2-3 gave very brief views at Tangkoko NP.

Ivory-breasted Pitta Pitta maxima
observed daily at Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera). Especially abundant in the partially logged primary forest on the other side of the pass.

Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
2 near HQ Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
4 near Tolire Besar (Ternate).
2 at the Barracuda diving centre (Molas, Manado).

Pacific Swallow Hirundo tahitica
common at all sites visited, but absent from Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Moluccan Cuckoo-shrike Coracina atriceps
10 seen on 3 separate occasions, at or near Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Caerulean Cuckoo-shrike Coracina temminckii
observed daily at Lore Lindu NP (at all elevations).

White-rumped Cuckoo-shrike Coracina leucopygia
commonly observed at Tangkoko NP.
2 at the Barracuda diving centre (Molas, Manado).

White-bellied Cuckoo-shrike Coracina papuensis
> 4 in Lami valley (Halmahera).
1 at Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Halmahera Cuckoo-shrike Coracina parvula
regularly observed along the main road near the pass above Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Pygmy Cuckoo-shrike Coracina abbotti
regularly observed at Lore Lindu NP (at middle and high elevations).

Common Cicadabird Coracina tenuirostris
2 in Lami valley (Halmahera).

3-5 along the main road near Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Sulawesi Cicadabird Coracina morio
2 females at Tangkoko NP.
1 females at Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
3 near Danau Tambing, Lore Lindu NP.
4-6 along the waterfall trail, Kamarora, Lore Lindu NP.

Sulawesi Triller Lalage leucopygialis
2-4 along the coast trail at Tangkoko NP.
1 at the Barracuda diving centre (Molas, Manado).
2 in Palu.
2-4 near Kamarora, Lore Lindu NP.

Rufous-bellied Triller Lalage aurea
observed daily at or near Kali Batu Putih and Lami Valley (Halmahera).

Sooty-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus aurigaster
2-4 along the coast trail at Tangkoko NP.
4 at the Barracuda diving centre (Molas, Manado).
3 at the Nusantara diving centre (Molas, Manado).

Golden Bulbul Ixos affinis (Hypsipetes affinis)
common around Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Sulawesi Drongo Dicrurus montanus
observed daily at middle and higher elevations in Lore Lindu NP.

Spangled Drongo Dicrurus bracteatus
common in and around Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Hair-crested Drongo Dicrurus hottentottus
common in Tangkoko NP, Dumoga-Bone NP and (at low elevations) in Lore Lindu NP.

Dusky-brown Oriole Oriolus phaeochromus
observed daily at and around Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).
A shy and inobtrusive species, usually heard calling from treetops, where it can be surprisingly hard to locate; often seen near the pass above KBP.

Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis
common at Tangkoko NP, Dumoga-Bone NP and Lore Lindu NP (at lower elevations).

Slender-billed Crow Corvus enca
common at Tangkoko NP, Dumoga-Bone NP and the diving centres (Molas, Manado).
2 at Bunaken Island.

Piping Crow Corvus typicus
common in Lore Lindu NP, esp. at the middle elevations, e.g., at Dongi-Dongi. However, also observed along the waterfall trail.

Long-billed Crow Corvus validus
observed daily at Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Paradise Crow Lycocorax pyrrhopterus
> 20 seen on 4 separate occasions, mostly near the pass above Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera). Also 1 along the forest trail.
Locate this species, that most often occurs in small parties, by its call, a nasal ekk.

Standardwing Bird of Paradise (Wallace's Standardwing) Semioptera wallacei
3 (2 males) at a lek along the forest trail, Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).
1 female along the road near the pass above KBP. Here another displaying male was heard.
2-3 in the partially logged primary forest on the other side of the pass.

Sulawesi Babbler Trichastoma celebense
common at Tangkoko NP.
4-6 at Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
seen daily (although in low numbers) at Lore Lindu NP (at low and middle elevations).

Malia Malia grata
4-6 near Danau Tambing, Lore Lindu NP.

Geomalia Geomalia heinrichi
1 foraging on Anaso road (approx. 500 m from the beginning), Lore Lindu NP.

Great Shortwing Heinrichia calligyna
fairly common along Anaso road, Lore Lindu NP. Usually sings actively early a.m., but can also be found doing so later in the morning. We saw birds at several occasions, but the best views we got were at the first bend of the Anaso road. Note that the song is highly variable (contra Coates et al.).

Red-backed Thrush Zoothera erythronota
2 at Tangkoko NP. See map for details.

Sulawesi Thrush Cataponera turdoides
fairly common in the area around Danau Tambing, Lore Lindu NP. Also observed a little higher up the Anaso road.

Flyeater Gerygone sulphurea
common at the Barracuda diving centre (Molas, Manado).
5 at Dongi-Dongi, Lore Lindu NP.

Chestnut-backed Bush-warbler Bradypterus castaneus
fairly common in the area around Danau Tambing, Lore Lindu NP.

Mountain Tailorbird Orthotomus cuculatus
common at Lore Lindu NP (higher elevations).

Sulawesi Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus sarasinorum
common at Lore Lindu NP (higher elevations).

Golden-headed Cisticola Cisticola exilis
2 at Tangkoko NP.
2 near HQ Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
2 near the look-out at approx. km 91, Lore Lindu NP.
2 at HQ, Kamarora, Lore Lindu NP.
1 at the Nusantara diving centre (Molas, Manado).

New Flycatcher Muscicapa spec.
1 at Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.

A most probably resident species not described before. After having observed the bird we were drinking a beer in the restaurant and discussing the possibility of it being an aberrant Grey-streaked Flycatcher M. griseisticta. Then, suddenly, Dr. Ben King, who was sitting at an adjacent table, intervened with the remark that it was actually most likely a new, as yet undescribed species. You can imagine our amazement! An article has now been published, to focus attention of visiting birders to this new species (King B et al. , Forktail 15: 104 (1999).
See also "A new flycatcher from Sulawesi", where you can also see the first pictures taken of this bird.
Our description, which is quite incomplete due to the short length of our observation is given here:

Present in a small feeding flock, high up (approx. 25-30 m) in a tall, rather separate tree. Frequently made short sallies to catch flying
insects.
Smallish flycatcher (approx. 12-13 cm). Overall dull brown-grey upperparts, slightly darker on wings and shoulders. Head very dull greyish, "plain-faced" without obvious eyering or marked lores. Underparts all off-white with obvious (though not very contrasting) streaks on the breast. Streaks seemed to have the shape of elongated rectangles (thus somewhat between "streaks' and "spots").
Overall structure rather compact, not elongated. I myself have never had the possibility to observe Grey-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta, but this most likely candidate to be confused with this "Sulawesi Flycatcher" apparently has rather long wings, resulting in a very elongated "jizz". Although never having seen Grey-streaked, I know from observations of e.g., Dark-sided Flycatcher M. sibirica that this difference in shape can be very distinctive.
Wings therefore probably rather short, although this character was not confirmed in the field as such.
Eye appeared large and beady, bill dark (but the distance may have been too large for 100% certainty about the latter).

Island Verditer Flycatcher (Island Flycatcher) Eumyias panayensis
observed daily along the Anaso road, Lore Lindu NP. Day totals reached 10 birds.

Snowy-browed Flycatcher Ficedula hyperythra
5 in the Danu Tambing area, Lore Lindu NP.

Rufous-throated Flycatcher Ficedula rufigula
1 male at Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
1 heard singing near Dongi-Dongi, Lore Lindu NP.
1 male along the waterfall trail, Kamarora, Lore Lindu NP.

Little Pied Flycatcher Ficedula westermanni
observed daily along the Anaso road, Lore Lindu NP. Day totals reached 8 birds.

Blue-fronted Flycatcher Cyornis hoevelli
observed daily in the Danau Tambing area and along the Anaso road, Lore Lindu NP.

Mangrove Blue Flycatcher Cyornis (rufigastra) omissa
1 male singing and 1 more heard, along the waterfall trail, Kamarora, Lore Lindu NP.
2 approx. 1 km after the park entrance, Lore Lindu NP.

Black-naped Monarch Hypothymis azurea
6-8 at Tangkoko NP.
4-6 at Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.

> 6 along the waterfall trail, Kamarora, Lore Lindu NP.
 

White-naped Monarch Monarcha pileatus
1-4 at the pass above Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Spectacled Monarch Monarcha trivirgatus
regularly observed at or near Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera). Up to 7 different birds seen.

Slaty Flycatcher Myiagra galeata
1 along the logging road, Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).
1 along the forest trail, Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Shining Flycatcher Piezorhynchus alecto (Myiagra alecto)
> 2 males at Tolire Besar (Ternate).
1 male at the Paradise Kingfisher spot, Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).
2 along trail A (see map), Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Willie Wagtail Rhipidura leucophrys
common at Tolire Besar (Ternate).
4-6 in Lami Valley (Halmahera).
a few underway to and in the valley on Halmahera some 30-40 km away from KBP, (an apparently good site for Great Cuckoo-dove) where Anu took us to.

Rusty-bellied Fantail Rhipidura teysmanni
observed daily in Lore Lindu NP (most common around Danau Tambing, but also seen along the waterfall trail, Kamarora).

Citrine Flycatcher Culicicapa helianthea
observed daily in Lore Lindu NP (most common along the Anaso road, but also seen along the waterfall trail, Kamarora).

Yellow-flanked Whistler Hylocitrea bonensis
observed daily along the Anaso road and near Danau Tambing, Lore Lindu NP.

Yellow-vented Whistler (Sulphur-bellied Whistler) Pachycephala sulfuriventer
common in Lore Lindu NP.

Common Golden Whistler Pachycephala pectoralis
fairly common at Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera), though far more often heard than seen.

Drab Whistler Pachycephala griseonota
1 along the forest trail, Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).
a few at the pass above Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).
a few along the small logging trails (Halmahera).

White-breasted Wood-swallow Artamus leucorynchus
> 6 at Tangkoko NP.
fairly common near HQ Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
common at Tolire Besar (Ternate).
2 at Sidangoli (Halmahera).
common in Lore Lindu NP.

Ivory-backed Wood-swallow Artamus monachus
1 at Tangkoko NP.
1 at Kamarora, Lore Lindu NP.
10-15 near the park entrance, Lore Lindu NP.

Moluccan Starling Aplonis mysolensis
4 along the logging road, Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).
10 in the "Azure Roller Valley" (Halmahera).

Asian Glossy Starling Aplonis panayensis
10 at the Barracuda diving centre (Molas, Manado).
fairly common in Lore Lindu NP, even at elevations up to 1700 m.
6 at the Nusantara diving centre (Molas, Manado).
The birds in Lore Lindu NP sometimes seemed to be a bit smaller, with perhaps a slightly shorter tail; they never showed any purplish gloss, however, and they never gave the impression of being really obviously different, either. We therefore rejected the possibility of them being Short-tailed Starlings Aplonis minor, but might of course have been wrong in doing so.

Metallic Starling Aplonis metallica
10 at Tolire Besar (Ternate).
common on Halmahera.

Sulawesi Crested Myna (Short-crested Myna) Basilornis celebensis
2 at Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
12 seen on three separate occasions, near the park entrance and near Dongi-Dongi, Lore Lindu NP.

White-necked Myna Streptocitta albicollis
> 6 at Tangkoko NP.
common in Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
common in Lore Lindu NP, mostly seen along the waterfall trail and along the main road near Dongi-Dongi.

Fiery-browed Starling (Fiery-browed Myna) Enodes erythrophris
common in Lore Lindu NP, between Dongi-Dongi and Anaso.
Listen for the sharp tzeek call.

Grosbeak Starling (Finch-billed Myna) Scissirostrum dubium
abundant at Tangkoko NP.
abundant near HQ, Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
fairly common in Lore Lindu NP, though not observed daily.

Lesser Sulawesi Honeyeater (Dark-eared Myza) Myza celebensis
4 were observed daily in the area around Danau Tambing, Lore Lindu NP.

Greater Sulawesi Honeyeater (White-eared Myza) Myza sarasinorum
10 were observed daily along the Anaso road, Lore Lindu NP.

White-streaked Friarbird Melitograis gilolensis
5 observed daily at or near Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Dusky Friarbird Philemon fuscicapillus
1 at the burned clearing on the other side of the pass (Halmahera).
1 in the valley on Halmahera some 30-40 km away from KBP, (an apparently good site for Great Cuckoo-dove) where Anu took us to.
This bird usually sits very still and inconspicuous (often invisible) in dense treetops and can only be seen when flying from one tree to another.

Dusky Honeyeater (Dusky Myzomela) Myzomela obscura
1 at Tolire Besar (Ternate).
several seen along the main road, Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera), mostly at or near the pass.

Scarlet Honeyeater (Crimson Myzomela) Myzomela sanguinolenta (M. dibapha)
3-7 seen daily along the Anaso road, Lore Lindu NP.

Brown-throated Sunbird Anthreptes malacensis
common in Tangkoko NP.
1 in Lami Valley (Halmahera).
common at the Barracuda diving centre (Molas, Manado).
common at the Nusantara diving centre (Molas, Manado).

Black Sunbird Nectarinia aspasia
a few at Tangkoko NP.
a few near HQ Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
2 males at Tolire Besar (Ternate).
common on Halmahera.
1 male near Kamarora, Lore Lindu NP.
1 male near Dongi-Dongi, Lore Lindu NP.

Olive-backed Sunbird Nectarinia jugularissspec. plateni & frenata
common at all sites visited (except for the Anaso road).

Crimson Sunbird Aethopyga siparaja
1 male in Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
2-4 near Kamarora, Lore Lindu NP.

Yellow-sided Flowerpecker Dicaeum aureolimbatum
common in Tangkoko NP.
a few seen in Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
regularly observed around Kamarora, Lore Lindu NP. Usually a few seen, but once, 25 birds were counted in one group.

Crimson-crowned Flowerpecker Dicaeum nehrkorni
6 (in total) were seen along the Anaso road, Lore Lindu NP.

Flame-breasted Flowerpecker Dicaeum erythrothorax
1 male in the valley on Halmahera some 30-40 km away from KBP, (an apparently good site for Great Cuckoo-dove) where Anu took us to.
3 along the logging road, Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).
1 female along the logging trails, Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Grey-sided Flowerpecker Dicaeum celebicum
regularly observed at Tangkoko NP, Dumoga-Bone NP, at the Barracuda diving centre (Molas, Manado), and in the Kamarora area, Lore Lindu NP. Usually singles or pairs, low day totals.

Mountain White-eye Zosterops montanus
common along the Anaso road, Lore Lindu NP.

Lemon-bellied White-eye Zosterops chloris
2 near Kamarora, Lore Lindu NP.

Cream-throated White-eye Zosterops atriceps
observed daily along the main road at Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera). More common near the pass.

Black-fronted White-eye Zosterops atrifrons
fairly common at Tangkoko NP.
10 near Danau Tambing, Lore Lindu NP.
10 in the Kamarora area, Lore Lindu NP.

Streak-headed Darkeye Lophozosterops squamiceps
10-15 near Danau Tambing and along the Anaso road, Lore Lindu NP.

Tree Sparrow Passer montanus
common at Tangkoko NP, near HQ Dumoga-Bone NP, in Ternate, in Palu, at the Barracuda diving centre (Molas, Manado), at the Nusantara diving centre (Molas, Manado), etc.

Black-faced Munia Lonchura molucca
observed daily at Tangkoko NP.
common in Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
common in the agricultural parts of Halmahera.
common at Kamarora, Lore Lindu NP.
5 at the Barracuda diving centre (Molas, Manado).
5 at the Nusantara diving centre (Molas, Manado).

Scaly-breasted Munia Lonchura punctulata
common at Kamarora and near the park entrance, Lore Lindu NP.

Chestnut Munia Lonchura malacca
common near HQ and at Kosingolan, Dumoga-Bone NP.
common at Tolire Besar (Ternate).
15 at the Barracuda diving centre (Molas, Manado).
10 in Palu.
5 at Kamarora, Lore Lindu NP.
40 along the southern road between Kamarora and Palu.
40 at the Nusantara diving centre (Molas, Manado).

Pale-headed Munia Lonchura pallida
20 along the southern road between Kamarora and Palu.

Sunda Serin Serinus estherae
9 birds seen on 3 separate occasions along the Anaso road, Lore Lindu NP.

 

MAMMALS

"Forest Rat" Rattus? spec.
10 jumping from a big Killer Fig tree at Tangkoko NP.

"Moluccan Couscous" Strigocuscus ornatus
1 (probably this species) was spotlighted along the logging road, Kali Batu Putih (Halmahera).

Black Macaque Macaca nigra
15 at Tangkoko NP.
> 10 just across the river near HQ, Dumoga-Bone NP, Toraut.
a small group was heard near Danau Tambing, Lore Lindu NP.

Spectral Tarsier Tarsius spectrum
6 were observed at approx. 18:00 h in one of the two stake-out Killer Fig trees close to the park entrance at Tangkoko NP.

"Central Sulawesi Tarsier" Tarsius pumillus
1 (probably this species) almost jumped on my shoulder when spotlighting along the little pipeline trail near HQ, Kamarora, Lore Lindu NP.

Bottlenose Dolphin Tursiops truncatus
> 100 from the ferry when crossing the strait between Ternate and Halmahera.

Dolphin spec.

20 close to Bunaken Island.

 

FURTHER READING

Bishop KD, King B 1986. 'The Sunda Serin Serinus estherae in Sulawesi.' Kukila 2: 90-92.

Coates B, Bishop KD, Gardner D 1997. 'A guide to the birds of Wallacea.' Dove publications, Alderley, Australia.

Dekker RWRJ 1996. 'Megapodes of the genus Megapodius in the oriental region.' OBC Bull. 24: 36-41.

Eliot J, Bickersteth J, Miller J, Matthews G 1994. 'Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore handbook.' Trade and travel publications.

Fry CH, Fry K, Harris A 1992. 'Kingfishers, Bee-eaters and Rollers.' Helm, London.

de Haan GAL 1950. 'Notes on the Invisible Flightless Rail of Halmahera (Habroptila wallacii gray).' Amst. Nat. 1: 57-60.

Heij CJ, Rompas CFE 1997. 'The Moluccan Scrubfowl Eulipoa wallacei.' OBC Bull. 25: 24, 50-52

Holmes D, Phillipps K 1996. 'The birds of Sulawesi.' Oxford University Press.

Jepson P, Ounsted R (eds) 1997. 'Birding Indonesia'. Periplus editions, Singapore.

King B 1990. 'Little Eagle Hieraaetus morphnoides on Halmahera.' Kukila 5: 77.

Nowak RM 1991. 'Walker's mammals of the world.' Johns Hopkins University Press, 5th edition, Baltimore.

Rozendaal FG, Dekker RWRJ 1989. 'An annotated checklist of the birds of the Dumoga-Bone national park, North Sulawesi.' Kukila 4: 85-108.

White CMN, Bruce MD 1986. 'The birds of Wallacea (Sulawesi, the Moluccas and Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia).' BOU Check-list no. 7.